IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

Over the last half-century, there has been a booming breakthrough in the methods of transportation. Among those, trains, as well as motor vehicles, are considered the most popular means of transportation in most of the countries. Although there are some commentators who believe that the government should allocate more money on railway construction, I am strongly inclined to the view that the transportation budget should be balanced between roads and railways.

Firstly, private cars play an inevitable role in our daily life. They are considered the easiest and most convenient method of transportation. In addition, they are ideal for short distances where trains cannot be used. Furthermore, roads can reach everywhere and link between the different facilities that people need every day such as houses, shopping centres, and hospitals. Consequently, constructing and maintaining roads will solve the problem of traffic congestion as well as boost road safety. For example, a recent study conducted in London has shown that increasing the budget spent on roads significantly reduced the motor vehicle accidents by 25%. Thus, roads are a crucial part of the design of any modern city.

On the other hand, the extension of the railway to cater to larger areas of any city considerably helps in solving the problem of traffic jams on the roads. In addition, most modern trains are operated by electricity ; thus they do not cause pollution in comparison to motor vehicles. For instance, according to the statistics published in Egypt, construction of new railway line in Cairo, decreased the number of traffic jams by 20%. Lastly, travelling by train saves time for the passengers since they are faster than cars and buses.

To conclude, it can be clearly seen that both roads and railways are complementary methods for convenient and easy travelling. I do recommend that the government set an organized plan to improve both means of transport.


Total Words: 310

Task Achievement: 8

Coherence & Cohesion: 8

Lexical resources: 8

Grammar: 8

Overall Score: Band 8

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Comments are closed.

  1. Aly 6 years ago

    Play inevitable rOle ….

  2. Jeevani Goga 6 years ago


    Can anyone please tell me the structure of this sentence “increased the budget spent on roads significantly reduces the motor vehicle accidents by 25%.”

  3. IELTS Online Practice 6 years ago

    Thanks. Fixed.

  4. IELTS Online Practice 6 years ago

    Sorry, that was a typo. Fixed it now.

  5. Dalvinder 6 years ago

    Can you tell me the structure of the sentence.who to write please tell me

  6. IELTS Online Practice 6 years ago

    No sure what you mean Dalvinder. Can you rephrase your question?

  7. Jyoti 4 years ago

    Dear sir,

    I just want to know that this easy should be 70/30 in ratio or totally agree / totally disagree. I m little bit confuse. Please tell me. Some people say that it should be partially agree n disagree..
    Help me out

  8. IELTS Online Practice 4 years ago

    Dear Jyoti,
    Please go over my video tutorial for a discussion about your question:

  9. ghanem missa 4 years ago

    Hi, i am starting my preparation for ielts task 2
    here i sense that the essay sould have been an opinion essay, rather than this it is more a discussion essay
    why!! because it does not disagree or disagree direclty, it has not a one sided picked opinion
    So my question is what tupe of respond structure assay it is? is it a discussion essay??

    my second question is: is it okay if we choose the structure that we are confortable with? like this one

    finally, thank you for this example, may be it make me confuse about identifying its type, but it is well written , and improve my english just by reading it

  10. IELTS Online Practice 4 years ago

    Dear Ghanem,

    If the question says “to what extent do you ….” then you MUST say “I STRONGLY/PARTIALLY agree/disagree with the view that … ” . In other words, you have to specify the EXTENT of agreement.

    If you “strongly agree/disagree” then you can write the entire essay supporting only one opinion. If you partially agree/disagree then you should write 1 paragraph for and 1 paragraph against.

    When the question is “do you agree or disagree” then you do not need to specify the EXTENT of agreement but the general structure of the essay can be the same as above. i.e. you can write either fully about one view or 1 paragraph for each view.

    A 3rd scenario is when the question says “discuss both views” .. In this case, you MUST write about both sides of the argument.

    Hope this helps.


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