IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with model answer

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 Words.

Model Answer:

The line graph provides information about the percentage of the population that is more than 65-year-old in Japan, Sweden and USA from 1940 to 2040, a period of 101 years. Overall, it can be observed that the levels of ageing population for these three countries are projected to grow, albeit at a different pace, till 2040.

In 1940, percentages of the aged were less than 10% of the population for these three countries. Between 1960 to 1980, the USA and Sweden’s ageing population rose by 5 %, while this figure for Japan dropped slightly to reach around 3%. However, after 1990, Japanese’ ageing population continued to go up. This figure is projected to increase steeply after 2030. By 2040, old people in Japan will have reached more than one-quarter of the total population.  In contrast, the number of aged in the USA will remain stable at around 15% until 2020. At the end of the period, the proportion of elderly population in USA and Sweden will show a similar pattern (25%).


Total Words: 174

Task Achievement: 7

Coherence & Cohesion: 7

Lexical resources: 7

Grammar: 8

Overall Score: Band 7

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