IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

Cities are getting big and overcrowded. Give some CAUSES and suggest the SOLUTIONS needed.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

During the last few decades, we have observed that major cities around the world are increasing in size day by day and population density is also increasing in the same proportion. In this essay, I will shed some light on the possible reasons of these problems and solutions available to control the situation.

One of the significant reasons of migration from small towns to major cities is due to the lack of basic facilities; to illustrate, a number of small cities even do not have colleges or hospitals for the citizens. Residents of these cities often have to travel to big cities for higher education or medical treatment. Actually, it is noted that governments have allocated a small portion of budget for the development of infrastructure of underdeveloped towns and villages. This issue is further catalyzed due to fascinating job opportunities available in the developed cities. Previously, our forefathers did not focus on the fact that industrial cities should also be built near the underdeveloped cities, so that job opportunities can be created, and people need not go to big metropolitan places for jobs. Nowadays, most of the industries are situated near the major cities; as a result, people from developing cities start shifting to developed cities.

However, numerous solutions are available to tackle this issue. Firstly, governments should develop a comprehensive plan to divide the crowded cities into smaller units. These sub-cities will then be managed by the locally elected representatives. This phenomenon will help to solve many small but important issues at the local community level. Secondly, governments should also divide the budget based on the current population and future development plan drafted for that city; to elaborate, there should be some kind of parameters according to which tax money will be distributed among cities, so that equal resources are available to each city to grow.

To reiterate, I have logically concluded that a number of solutions are available to handle these issues and prevent them from worsening. Commitment is required from governments to minimize the damage.   


Total Words: 342

Task Achievement: 8

Coherence & Cohesion: 8

Lexical resources: 7

Grammar: 7

Overall Score: Band 7.5

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