IELTS Writing Task 2 Model Answer: Increased fresh water demand – causes and solutions

IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand and what measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

In recent times, scarcity of drinking water has become a global issue in many parts of the world. In this essay, I will shed some light on the factors contributing to this problem and will also suggest some solutions for the same.  

There are several reasons for the declining sources of fresh water. Firstly, the manufacturing industries are largely contributing to climate change, which is largely affecting the weather in various parts of the world. One good illustration of this is the number of rivers and fresh water lakes in Africa that have become waterless due to global warming. Secondly, it is also possible to say that the ever-increasing number of people in many parts of the world has led to the consumption of more and more fresh water. Finally, although not a major cause, but the construction of new dams to provide electricity, is also a contributing factor affecting the natural freshwater reservoirs.

However, solutions are available to tackle this problem. Firstly, applying strict rules for domestic fresh water consumption is crucial to guarantee optimum water usage. In fact, a recent study has concluded that 25 % percent of the fresh water consumption in UAE could be saved by applying simple measures, such as using prepaid accounts when paying utility bills. Another possible solution is to include this environmental topic in schools, especially in primary classes. For instance, Egypt has made it mandatory for pupils to study environmental before obtaining a high school diploma.  

Thus, even though, decreasing fresh water resources is a growing global problem, mainly caused by global warming and increasing population, this problem is not insurmountable, and I believe that the United Nations and governments can easily tackle these problems, and they should start by considering the solutions suggested above.  

 

 

Total Words: 291

Task Achievement: 8

Coherence & Cohesion: 7

Lexical resources: 6

Grammar: 7

Overall Score: Band 7

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