IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

The percentage of overweight children in western society has increased by almost 20% in the last ten years.Discuss the causes and effects of this disturbing trend.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

It is an undeniable fact that in the last decade, obesity in children has become an alarming issue in the western world. One-fifth of the child population is obese in the western countries. This essay will delve into the reasons and effects of this epidemic issue with related examples.

There are various reasons available for this acute problem. In my opinion, the foremost causes are the inactive lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits. First of all, children prefer sophisticated lifestyle with reluctance towards physical activities. They always prefer a car for travelling and hesitate to walk even for short distances. Nowadays, exercises and outdoor games have become rare among students, so the calories are not metabolised sufficiently. Secondly, children in the US and Europe are addicted to junk foods which are rich in carbohydrates and unwanted fats. This leads to enormous intake of calories. Recent Stanford University research stated that 60-70 % of the calories taken by the children in America are carbohydrates which leads to obesity.

Serious effects are faced by the children because of their weight gain. Physical health problems and loss of productivity are the possible effects of obesity. A sedentary lifestyle makes children prone to chronic diseases like diabetes, heart problems and thyroid imbalance which will lead them to be with medication since childhood. Moreover, the rate of metabolism will start decreasing due to obesity, which leads to fatigue and poor concentration on their studies. A recent study in the UK proved that the IQ level of obese children is 15% less than the children who consume a balanced diet.

In conclusion, it is evident that there are various causes of obesity amongst children and a variety of negative effects. The whole society ought to ensure to take steps to keep this problem from deteriorating further.


Total Words: 297

Task Achievement: 9

Coherence & Cohesion: 9

Lexical resources: 9

Grammar: 9

Overall Score: Band 9

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