IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with model answer

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the population figures of different types of turtles in India between 1980 and 2012.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer:

The line graph illustrates the changes in the turtle population in India in the time period 1980-2012. Specifically, three types of turtles are described, namely: Leatherback Turtles (19), Green Back Turtles (38), Olive Ridley Turtles (20) as well as all species combined (111). Numbers are reported relative to the 1980 population size of each group.

Overall, the turtle population in India remained relatively constant over the time period when all species are considered. Olive Ridley turtles increased the most while Leatherback turtles showed the biggest decline between 1980 and 2012.

From 1980 to 1982, numbers for all species showed a slight increase of up to 10%, but then levelled off again around the 100% mark with slight fluctuations.

However, individual turtle species showed considerable variations over time. Two turtle populations, the Leatherback and Green Turtles, declined between 1990 and 2012 after remaining relatively stable initially. While the Green Turtle decreased only slightly, finishing at 90% in 2012, the numbers of Leatherback Turtles plummeted to less than 60% of the 1980 population size over the same time period.

In contrast, the number of Olive Ridley Turtles showed an overall increase. There was a steady rise up to 1997, after which this turtle population plateaued around 130% with minor fluctuations.

Total Words: 194

Task Achievement: 9

Coherence & Cohesion: 9

Lexical resources: 9

Grammar: 9

Overall Score: Band 9

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Comments are closed.

  1. Mrs. Andrea Phillip 7 years ago

    Thank you. It’s really supportive.

  2. Author
    IELTS Online Practice 7 years ago

    Hi Andrea,

    Glad you found it useful.

    Good luck with your IELTS preparation!

  3. Priji 6 years ago

    Can we mention the figure in number?

  4. Author
    IELTS Online Practice 6 years ago

    Dear Priji,

    The figure in the chart represent an index… not absolute numbers. so you need to talk about the numbers in terms of percentages or use index after each number.

    Hope this helps.

  5. Pooja 6 years ago

    What are the numbers mentioned in brackets with turtle names

  6. Anonymous 5 years ago

    It’s very impressive. there are plethora of things that i find usefull.

  7. anil kufaci 5 years ago

    I was thinking about them.

  8. anil kufaci 5 years ago

    you cannot get band 9 in task achievement without stating the numbers in brackets

  9. Author
    IELTS Online Practice 5 years ago

    Hi Anil,

    You have a good point.

    It is not clear at all from the chart what the numbers in the bracket indicate. So instead of guessing or using prior knowledge it is best to just skip them.

    Alternatively, you could write them next to the turtle type names in the intro. I have edited the task report to show the numbers.


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