IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

An increasing number of professionals, such as doctors and teachers, are leaving their own poorer countries to work in developed countries. What problems does this cause? What solutions can you suggest to deal with this situation?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

In recent times, brain drain has become a global issue, especially in many developing countries around the world. In this essay, I will shed some light on the factors contributing to this problem and will also suggest some solutions for the same.

It is evident that professionals are migrating from their own developing country to reside or work in a developed one; thereby, leading to two obvious outcomes: a decrease in professionals in the developing countries and a negative impact on these countries’ economy. The migration of experts from the poor country results in a brain drain. For instance, recent immigration report has claimed that plethora of doctors from India are applying for citizenship in USA and Canada; thus, India is facing a huge deficiency of expert doctors. Moreover, migration slows the growth rate of the developing country also. For example, if teachers leave their own country; schools may not be able to produce sharp students, which will ultimately affect the future growth of a country’s economy.

There are a plethora of solutions to overcome the migration problem. Firstly, in order to stop the brain drain, the government should make the salary of professionals equivalent to what is being paid in developed countries. In fact, a recent study has concluded that hiking salary has helped in stopping professionals from moving to other countries. Another possible solution is to provide better jobs and infrastructure to citizens. To exemplify, nowadays, schools in India are adopting latest technology similar to other developed countries; consequently, it has created more jobs and teachers find teaching more interesting and fun.

In conclusion, even though migration is a growing problem which leads to a decrease in the number of professionals and affect the economy’s growth, various means and methods such as providing high salary and suitable infrastructure are available which can prevent this from worsening.


Total Words: 298

Task Achievement: 9

Coherence & Cohesion: 8

Lexical resources: 8

Grammar: 8

Overall Score: Band 8

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Comments are closed.

  1. Rupinder 4 years ago

    Give me tips about writing task 2and 1

  2. IELTS Online Practice 4 years ago

    Dear Rupinder,
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  3. Abiola dolapo 3 years ago

    An increasing number of professionals such as doctors and teachers are leaving their poor countries to work in developed countries
    What problems does this cause?

    In recent times, a vast majority of experts are migrating from underdeveloped countries to more developed countries. The consequence of this is a reduction in the economy and shortage of experts in these countries. Solutions for this problems would be an increase in salary scale and provision of better living standards for experts in their native countries.
    The foremost problem faced due to emigration to health care professionals is the reduction in provision of basic health care in their countries which necessitates the migration of other experts in search of this services which consequently cripples the economy of these developing countries. In addition to this, recent survey done by WHO ( World Health Organization) revealed that the mortality rates of individuals in developing countries are higher compared to those in developed countries. The quality of education is also diminished due to high efflux of teachers which will have an effect in the future economy of these poor countries.
    Not only would the quality health care and education be on the decline due to shortage of professionals, there would also be a backlash on the economy of the country. As these poor countries will depend more on foreign technical aid which will cost them billions of dollars and further aggravate the economic instability issues. For instance, presently the economy of Nigeria was on the verge of collapse due to their high spending to get foreign technical aid. In other words, migration of skilled professionals from underdeveloped countries creates problems such as skill shortage and economic instability in the countries.
    However, there are solutions to this problems such as provision of better salaries and living conditions. Also provision of jobs and infrastructure similar to those in developed countries. One of the major cause of emigration is poor salaries and benefits. So the government can ensure the professionals are given better incentives to entice them to stay and work in their countries. Another reason is lack of job opportunities and infrastructure. In this instance, the Government can increase the budget allocated to this sectors and thus, help create more hospital and schools equipped with modern technology. For example, underdeveloped countries like Ghana increased the budget allocated to health care and education and witnessed a decline in the rate of efflux of experts. In short, provision of infrastructure, employment opportunities and better standard of living are possible solutions to be undertaken by developing countries to curb the emigration of professionals.
    In conclusion, with the increased efflux of qualified labour force there is a consequent backlash to the economy and the ability to provide essential services to indigenes of poor counties. The government can help solve this problem by providing employment and better renumeration to experts thus reducing the rate at which the leave their countries.

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