IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

Overpopulation in many major urban centers around the world is a major problem. What are the major causes of this? How can this problem be solved?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

Overpopulation is a major problem in various places these days. This essay will discuss the main causes of this epidemic including lack of awareness and lenient rules. This essay will propose the solutions for this problem including raising awareness among people and tightening the rules. 

Firstly, the main reason for the increasing population is excessive birthrate due to lack of awareness among people in several countries. In several countries, feel giving to a child is a major achievement. For example, in India, parents start questioning the bride if she does not give birth to a child and consider that as an insult. Therefore, several people give preference to giving birth to a child as soon as possible. In addition, in several countries, there are no regulations on the number of children that a family can have. For example, in Africa, a family gives birth to 7-8 children on an average. Therefore, it can be seen that how unawareness and rules are the main causes of growing population. 

The main solutions to this problem include increasing awareness among people and framing strict rules. Firstly, government, individuals, and various other organizations must increase the knowledge and awareness of the drawbacks of giving birth to many children. For instance, in China, the world's most populated country, government posts advertisements quite frequently, to control population growth. Secondly, the government should tighten the rules. For example, rules like 'One or None', that is giving birth to one child or no children at all are very beneficial in this aspect. As a result, out of the fear of rules, many people hesitate to give birth to a large number of children. 

Overpopulation is certainly one of the major problems being faced by mankind. This essay discussed the main causes of this problem as lack of knowledge and loose rules and concluded that through appropriate action by government, individuals, and companies this problem can be solved.


Total Words: 320

Task Achievement: 9

Coherence & Cohesion: 9

Lexical resources: 9

Grammar: 9

Overall Score: Band 9

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1 Comment
  1. Denver 9 months ago

    HOW is this piece of work a Band 9 one? It is totally OFF the topic as it failed to discuss the overpopulation in MAJOR CITIES.

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